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Namma Nadu – Kannada Nadu, ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ


Karnataka ( ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ) is a beautiful state with rich heritage and culture which is situated in the southwestern region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometers (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the seventh largest Indian state by area. With 61,130,704 inhabitants at the 2011 census, Karnataka is the eighth largest state by population, comprising 30 districts.

It is a perfect blend of the most ideal state having perfectly designed planes and mesmerizing mountains along with beautiful weather conditions. The capital city of Karnataka is Bangalore which is IT capital of India. This state has many mighty rivers flowing through its lands making the land rich and prosperous. The Kaveri, Krishna, Tungabhadra, Sharavati, Kali and many more. The name Karnataka was derived from the word ‘Karunadu’ which means Karu-High or lofty and Nadu-land because Karnataka is at the height of 1500m from the sea levels.

Each part of this state has a story to tell, something to reveal, some known and many unknown. It is the 3rd most popular state in the country for tourism. It is prominent tourism hubs in India. It has got many great things like World famous Mysore silk and sandalwoods, Simple and sophisticated wooden toys from Channapatna, Mangalorean Cuisine, Ancient temples, The most famous Jog falls, India’s best travel destination Coorg, It’s traditional Yakshagana and many more.

Karnataka has produced many famous people who have contributed to the society in some way or the other. Basavanna, Akka Mahadevi, Sarvajna, Madhvacharya, Purandara Dasa, Kanaka Dasa, Bahubali, C. V. Raman, Sir M. Visvesvaraya, Field Marshal K.M. Cariappa, Dr. H. Narasimhaiah, Gangubai Hangal, R K Narayan, Prof. U.R. Rao, Dr. D. Veerendra Heggade, Narayana Murthy, Azim H Premji, Prakash Padukone, Anil Kumble, Rahul Dravid, Javagal Srinath, B.S.Chandrashekar, E.A.S. Prasanna, Mahesh Bhupathi, Pankaj Advani, Aiswarya Rai, Lara Datta and many more.

Karnataka and its true colours

One of the classical languages of India and 3rd oldest language after Sanskrit and Tamil, is the most widely spoken and official language of Karnataka and the state alongside. Kannada is very beautiful language which has the history of more than 2000 years and grand literature. It has a beautiful script and is one of the major language with strong base. Karnataka has a great history of more than 2 millennia. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and have contributed greatly to the history, culture and development of Karnataka.

History of Karnataka

Karnataka was the part of the Maurya Empire, the first Mauryan Emperor Chandragupta Maurya. He spent last days of his life as Jain ascetic in Shravanbelagol in Hasan district. Around 230 BCE, the Satavahana dynasty came to power and its rule lasted nearly four centuries, until the early 3rd century CE. The disintegration of the Satavahana dynasty led to the ascent of the earliest native kingdoms, the Kadamba Dynasty of Banavasi in modern Uttara Kannada district with Mayurasharma, a Brahmin native of Talagunda in modern Shivamogga district as the founding king, and the Western Ganga Dynasty in southern Karnataka,marking the birth of the region as an independent political entity. These were the first kingdoms to give administrative status to Kannada language as evidenced by the Halmidi inscription of 450, attributed to King Kakusthavarma of the Kadamba Dynasty. Also, recent discovery of a 5th-century copper coin in Banavasi, ancient capital of the Kadambas, with Kannada script inscription on it, further proves the usage of Kannada at an official level.

They were followed by large imperial empires, the Badami Chalukyas, Rashtrakuta Dynasty and Western Chalukya Empire, who had their regal capitals in modern Karnataka region and patronized Kannada language and literature. Then came the Hoysala and Western Gangas.In the early 14th century, the Vijayanagara Empire with its capital at Hosapattana (later to be called Vijayanagara) rose to successfully challenge the Muslim invasions into the South. This empire was established by Harihara I and Bukka Raya.

Krishnaraja Wadeyar IV

The Wodeyars of Mysore, former vassals of the Vijayanagara Empire, leased the state from the Mughal king Aurangzeb in the 17th century. With the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, Haider Ali, the Commander-in-Chief of the Mysore Army, assumed control over the region, until the rule of the kingdom was passed to Tipu Sultan, after Haider Ali’s death.Tipu Sultan, known as the Tiger of Mysore fought four significant Anglo-Mysore Wars, the last of which resulted in his death and the incorporation of Mysore into the British Raj.

After Indian independence, the Wodeyar Maharaja acceded to India. In 1950, Mysore became an Indian state, and the former Maharaja became its rajpramukh, or governor, until 1975. The Ekikarana movement which started in the later half of the 20th century, culminated in the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 which provided for parts of Coorg, Madras, Hyderabad, and Bombay states to be incorporated into the state of Mysore. Mysore state was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state of Mysore was formed on November 1, 1956 and since then November 1 of every year is celebrated as Kannada Rajyotsava / Karnataka Rajyotsava.

From its formation, Kannada nadu has been always facing forwards towards making lives better and the word a great place to live!

Email: vaishnavinpatil6@gmail.com

Written by : Vaishnavi N Patil

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