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Shankar Dayal Sharma was born on 19th August in the year 1918 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. He did his schooling from Government Hamidia Boys School at Bhopal. He completed his education at St. John’s College, Agra, Allahabad University, Lucknow University. He perceived his M.A degree in the field of English Literature, Hindi and Sanskrit. He was also a top class sportsman, having excelled in athletics, rowing and swimming. He taught Law at Lucknow University and at Cambridge University.  Dr. Sharma was a great freedom fighter and fought for India’s freedom struggle during the ‘Quit India Movement’.

Dr. Sharma was the Chief Minister of the Bhopal State between the years 1952 to 1956. In his early political life he was appointed as the state governor at Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, and Maharashtra. From September 3, 1987 to 1992, Dr. Sharma was the Vice-President of India and Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Then in the year 1992 Dr. Sharma became the ninth President of India and served as president till 1997.

Dr.sharma was a great writer, author, poet, some of his famous publications are Congress Approach to International Affairs, Kranti Drashta, Rule of Law and Role of Police, Secularism in the Indian Ethos, Eminent Indians, Horizons of Indian Education, For a Better Future, The Democratic Process, and Aspects of Indian Thought. Some of his Major Hindi publications include Hamare Path Pradarshak, Hamari Sanskritik Dharohar, Pragati Ke Paridrishya, Shiksha Ke Aayam, Behtar Bhavishya Ke Liye, Bharatiya Chintan, and Loktantra Ki Prakriya.

He was awarded many degrees by various universities in field of law, social science, civil law, literature as doctorate. In the year 1999 on 26th December, unfortunately Dr. Sharma died of cardiac arrest in a hospital in Delhi. But he was remained as one of the most educated politician in the history of India for his hardwork and dedication to his beloved nation. He was given title of ‘Rashtra Ratnam’ by Shankaracharya of Sringeri. The title of ‘Dharma Ratnakara’ has been given by Shravanabelagola. The international law-bar association awarded   Dr. Sharma with  ‘ Living Legends of Law Award ‘ for his commitment and contribution for his legal profession of Rule of Law.

Written by : Pathan Roshan Khan

E-mail id: roshankhanpathan21@gmail.com

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